In the hope that this book becomes a small reward to all those who provided me with ncouragement, interest, and warm support until I became who I am today……
Il-Moo CHANG, Ph.D. is Professor Emeritus in the Natural Products Research Institute and the College of Pharmacy at Seoul National University. He earned Ph.D. of Biophysical Sciences in the College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at University of Houston.
Prof. Chang is a recognized authority in the field of traditional oriental drugs including ginseng. Prof. Chang has served as an advisory panel member of the Traditional and Complementary Medicine in W.H.O. at Geneva for many years. He is an advisory member of the American Botanical Council.
Prof. Chang has exerted his expertise for ginseng industry, and was director of the Korean Ginseng Research Institute, and C.T.O. of the Korean Ginseng Corporation.
Prof. Chang is the author of over a dozen books in the field. Nine volumes of “Treatise on Asian Herbal Medicines” and its database version, “TradiMed Database” (www.tradimed.com) have provided an accessible information on traditional oriental medicines including traditional Korean, Chinese and Japanese medicines.
Chapter 1 KOREAN GINSENG, REPRESENTATIVE COMMERCIAL CROP OF KOREA
Ginseng: A Gift from Nature
Emergence and Evolution of Ginseng: When, Where, How?
The Origin of Ginseng: A Plant of Araliaceae
Taxonomical Naming of Ginseng by Carl von Linne
Taxonomical Naming of Korean Ginseng and Correlation with American Ginseng
Regional Bias of Ginseng Habitats: Natural Habitats of Korean Ginseng and North American Ginseng
Chapter 2 KOREAN PEOPLE: THE FIRST GROUP OF HUMANS TO HAVE GINSENG AS FOOD
Origin of the Korean Han People: Human Migration and Northern Mounted Nomads
Etymology of Korean Ginseng
Chapter 3 SECRET OF THE PANACEA: FROM FOOD TO MEDICINE
East Asian View of the World and History of Civilization
Influence of the Yin-Yang and Five Phases Hypothesis
Ginseng and Medical Classics: Bibliographic Studies Traditional Medicines and Intellectual Property
Ginseng and Intellectual Property Rights over Traditional Medicines
Chapter 4 GREAT INVENTIONS: CULTIVATION AND PREPARATION OF RED GINSENG
A Backdrop for the Beginning of Ginseng Industry
Ginseng Cultivation: The Transplantation of Ginseng Seedlings
Outflow of Cultivation Technology to Japan and the U.S.A.
The Recent Situation of Korean Ginseng Cultivation in Japan
The Cultivation of American Ginseng in the U.S.A., Canada, and Europe
Invention of the Red Ginseng Preparation Method
Chapter 5 THE GINSENG BUSINESS AND TRADE OF THE JOSEON DYNASTY
The Early Period (1392–1600)
Evils of the Tribute and Extinction of Wild Ginseng
The Middle Period (1600–1800)
Chapter 6 ESTABLISHMENT OF JOSEON’S GINSENG INDUSTRY 1800–1945
Dawn of Modernization (1800–1863)
Modernization of the Ginseng Business
The Japanese Colonial Era (1910–1940)
The Exportation of American Ginseng and Korean Ginseng Cultivated in Japan
during the 19th–20th Century
Continued Ordeal for Korean People U.S. Military Government Period (September 8, 1945–August 15, 1948)
Chapter 7 GOVERNMENT-LEAD GINSENG INDUSTRY AND PRIVATIZATION
Launch of the Monopoly Office and Korean War
Milestone of Ginseng Science