U.S.-South Korea relations have a special significance for scholars in Korea because of the special role the United States has played in the history of Korea since 1945. For Korea, particularly for South Korea, the United States was not just something that exerted its inf luence from the outside because the United States has been an agent that has shaped the history of South Korea from the inside in just about every aspect. While the Republic of Korea was formally an independent country, it was not so in substance. In particular, the United States held on to operational control of the South Korean military forces. The fact that an independent nation released the power to control its own military forces to another nation holds a special meaning. Of course, the only party to problematize this fact was North Korea-most South Koreans never questioned it.
Tae Gyun Park
Park Tae Gyun is Professor of Seoul National University.
Ilsoo David Cho
1. Worries of the American Ambassador
2. “Special” Relationship between South Korea and the United States
3. Why Is the US-South Korea Relationship Special?
4. Are South Korea and the United States Allies?
5. How This Book Has Been Written
Chapter One: The Beginning of US-Korea Relations
1. The United States in Korean Eyes, Korea in American Eyes
2. The United States’ Reason for Trusteeship
3. Reorganizing Korean Political Forces 1: Let’s Strengthen the Conservatives
4. America’s Dilemma: Policy Change due to Anti-Trusteeship Demonstrations
5. Reorganizing Korean Political Forces 2: Let’s Weaken the Leftists
Chapter Two: Not Giving Up the Korean Peninsula
1. Why Did the United States Forces Withdraw?
2. Massive Aid
3. Economic and Psychological Containment–he Starting Point for Korea Policy
4. The Reason Why ECA Aid Failed
Chapter Three: The Korean War and the 1950s
1. Jumping into the War
2. The Plan to Remove Syngman Rhee and the Plan EVERREADY
3. Changes in US Korea Policy through the New Look
Chapter Four: The Military Government and the United States
1. Background to Changes in US Korea Policy: Walt Whitman Rostow
2. The May 16 Coup d’Etat and the United States
3. Taming of the Coup d’Etat Forces and Park Chung Hee’s Tug Tof War
Chapter Five: Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea and the Plan to Remove Kim Jongpil
1. Possibilities of Another Coup
2. How Should the Situation Be Resolved?
3. The Removal of Kim Jongpil
Chapter Six: Tug gof War between the United States and South Korea over the Dispatch of South Korean Troops to Vietnam
1. Crisis of the Park Chung Hee Government and the Offer to Dispatch Troops to Vietnam
2. Deployment of Combat Troopers and the South Korean Government’s Responses
3. The South Korean Government’s Overreaction and Changes in US-South Korea Relations
Chapter Seven: The United States-South Korea Relations of the 1970s and the “Learning Effect”
1. Learning Effect from the Negotiations for Troop Deployment
2. Gwangju: Whose Fault Was It?
1. Without a Day of Peace: US-South Korea Relations
2. The United States as Myth
3. Was There a Learning Effect?