Multifamily housing accounted for 10.1% of total housing in South Korea(hereafter ‘Korea’) in 1980, which increased by about seven to eight times to 75.0% in 2017 over the last four decades. Very few countries have seen this kind of explosive growth in the number of households residing in multifamily housing within such a short period of time. In other words, Korea has experienced a rapid increase in multifamily housing in line with its economic growththe socalled Miracle on the Han Riverhence its nickname the “Republic of Apartments.”
Multifamily housing has become established as a common type of residential housing in Korea. The course of this establishment was marked by a continuous series of wideranging issues regarding multifamily housing complexes, and as part of efforts to solve and prevent such issues, multifamily housing management systems were also developed on an ongoing basis. As a result, research findings indicate that residents of multifamily housing are more satisfied with their residence, relative to their counterparts living in detached housing.
Korea has placed efforts into continuously developing its multifamily housing management systems in three aspects. First, new laws were established to resolve problems with multifamily housing management, and amendments were made to existing laws in a bid to reflect reality. Second, the Korean government solidified its multihousing management framework by introducing a housing manager qualification system, under which nationallyrecognized experts are permitted to manage multifamily housing.
Lastly, the government provided systematic education programs for occupants residing in multifamily housing, councils of occupants’ representatives organized to decide important matters, and housing managers and housing management workers in charge of multifamily housing management. All these efforts led to creating an environment where multifamily housing is managed in a safe and efficient manner despite its rapid growth.
This book was published with an aim to introduce how multifamily housing management systems have developed in Korean society. Topics such as the development of New Towns, largescale development projects of multifamily housing complexes, and redevelopment projects in Korea had already been introduced in Southeast Asia and other regions around the globe. However, this book appears to be the first that systemically addresses how to manage multifamily housing supplied in large quantities.
To this end, a group of authors including those working in relation to multifamily housing management and academics participated in the writing of this book. These authors include workinglevel experts of the Korea Housing Managers Association, a statutory body of housing managers, and research experts of the Korea Research Institute of Housing Management, which is responsible for conducting research on multifamily housing management on an ongoing basis. They focused on the background behind the increase in multifamily housing; the significance of multifamily housing management; multifamily housing management systems; the qualification system and expertise of housing mangers; management expenses, reserves for longterm repairs, and tasks of multifamily housing management systems; ways to vitalize communities; and the development directions of multifamily housing management.
It would be difficult to explain residential life and community culture in Korea without discussing multifamily housing. Rather than simply supplying multifamily housing, Korea in 2019 places various efforts across a diverse range of fields into managing the supplied multifamily housing and further creating a new residential community culture. We hope that readers around the world will garner an understanding of multifamily housing in Korea, multifamily housing management systems and Korean’s living and community culture, and utilize this book as a useful material in developing housing policies.
President of the Korea Research Institute of Housing Management
SeongKyu Ha is an Emeritus Professor of Urban Planning and Real Estate at ChungAng University, South Korea. He also serves as the president of the Korea Research Institute of Housing Management. He received his Ph.D. in Urban Planning from University College London and an MSc from the London School of Economics. His current research interests have centered on lowincome housing policies, urban residential regeneration and housing management. He has authored numerous publications on housing policy and urban and community regeneration, including Housing Policy, Wellbeing and Social Development in Asia (with Rebecca L. H. Chiu, Routledge, 2018). Recently, he was elected Chairman of the Korea Housing Service Society, a housing expert consulting and research group in Korea. He is on the Board of Directors of the Korea Land and Housing Corporation.
CHAPTER 1 Background behind Development of MultiFamily Housing in Korea
(SeongKyu Ha) / 5
CHAPTER 2 Significance of MultiFamily Housing Management(SeongKyu Ha) / 21
CHAPTER 3 MultiFamily Housing Management System(KwanHo Myong)
CHAPTER 4 Qualification System and Expertise of Housing Managers(AhRim Ahn) / 49
CHAPTER 5 Management Expenses and Reserves for Longterm Repairs in MultiFamily Housing(EunTaek Kang) / 67
CHAPTER 6 Remaining Challenges for Korea’s MultiFamily Housing Management System (TaKwan Choi) / 81
CHAPTER 7 Measures to Revitalize Communities in MultiFamily Housing
(EunTaek Kang) / 99
CHAPTER 8 Direction of Development in MultiFamily Housing Management
(ByungNam Park) / 111
APPENDIX MULTIFAMILY HOUSING MANAGEMENT ACT / 121
INDEX / 161