The series “A Sourcebook” organizes and provides primary data sorted by subjects and areas on the understanding of and research into modern Korean society and culture in an attempt to meet academic interest on the foreign study of Korea in its rapid achievements of industrialization, democratization, and social change.
This volume provides a comprehensive overview of environmentalism in Korea by focusing on the key problems and issues that have generated various strands of citizen activism on behalf of environmental protection. It traces the rise of environmental degradation from Korea’s rapid post-war industrialization up to the present, carefully documenting various eras of activism over a changing and broadening range of problems: industrial pollution, major development projects, nuclear power and most recently climate change. For each era the major problems and controversies generating citizen activism are identified and carefully described, with detailed time lines, identification of key actors, documentation of campaign materials and governmental responses, and detailed presentations of press releases and other statements by these actors. The result is an invaluable sourcebook on the evolution of environmental degradation in Korea, the emergence of the citizens’ movements that arose to combat them, and the current status of Korea’s multi-faceted and continually evolving Environmental Movement. It will be useful to scholars, activists, officials and interested citizens.
Sun-JIn Yun is Professor of Environmental and Energy Policy and Environmental Sociology at the Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University.
Riley E. Dunlap
Riley E. Dunlap is Regents Professor of Sociology at Oklahoma State University and Past-President of the International Sociological Association's Research Committee on Environment and Society.
Chapter 1. Industrial Pollution
1.1 Onsan Sickness
1.2 Sangbong-dong Pneumoconiosis Incident
1.3 Mun Song-myun Mercury Poisoning Incident
1.4 The Wonjin Rayon Incident
1.5 Nakdong River Phenol Leak Incident
1.6 Samsung Leukemia
Chapter 2 Major National Projects
2.1 History of the Saemangeum Environmental Movement
2.2 Protest Against Dong-Gang Dam Construction Plans
2.3 Cheonseong Mountain High-speed Train Construction Opposition Movement
2.4 Four Major Rivers Project Opposition Movement
Chapter 3 Nuclear-related Incidents
3.1 Environmental Movement Related to Nuclear Waste Disposal Facility
3.2 The Environmental Movement concerning Spent Nuclear Fuel Disposal
3.3 The Construction of High-Voltage Power Lines in Miryang
3.4 The Selection of Sites for New Nuclear Power Plants
3.5 Trends in the Anti-nuclear Movement after the Fukushima Nuclear Reactor Incident
Chapter 4 Climate Change and the Energy Transition Movement
4.1 Climate Change in General
4.2 Low Carbon, Green Growth
4.3 Mid-Term National Goals for Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions Established
4.4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme
4.5 Cooperation Charge System on Low-Carbon Vehicles
4.6 The Movement to Enact a Climate Change Law (Big Ask Movement)
4.7 Energy Transition Movement
4.8 Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) and Feed-in-Tarriff (FIT)
4.9 Energy Transition by Local Autonomous Organizations